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雅思写作必备语法知识

2015-10-23 教育优选

  雅思作文作为雅思考试的一部分,很多同学都觉得复习与否似乎效果不大,其实不然,专家告诉大家雅思作文相比较其他题型而言更容易得分并且得高分,这其中需要大家关注的就是如何在雅思作文中出新出彩,提及这点不得不说说雅思考试中写作中可以运用的语法知识。

  1、状语前置 状语前置就是把一个修饰动词的状语结构,如介词短语,分词形式或动词不定式引导的短语放到句首、雅思写作中状语前置是很拿分的句式,不过很多考生都没意识到这一点。请看下面从剑桥提供的范文中节选的句子:

  1) Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I thinkthese are the two factors that may be the most important for achievinghappiness.

  2) Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used foragricultural purposes.

  3) With a population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate howhigh agricultural water consumption can be in some countries.

  使用状语前置的最大优点是让单调的句子有了跳跃的节奏感、考官一天看上百张考卷,看到这样的句子也会心情愉悦。

  2、插入语 此种语法结构是可以理解为是状语前置的另一种变体,它将状语结构提到了主句的主语和谓语之间、插入语也是相对地道的英语表达方法、请看以下几例:

  1) Universities, when it is functioning well, should offer both theoreticalknowledge as well as professional training.

  2) So overall, I believe that, attending school from a young age is goodfor most children.

  插入语的功能和状语前置基本相似,都能使句子更有跳跃感和地道。

  3、倒装句 这种语法现象相信很多学员都学过,即把谓语提前到主语之前,用在作文中比较新颖。我们先来看以下几个例子:

  1) The parents should spend time on their children, they should alsocommunicate with them.

  2) We can never lose sight of the significance of education.

  以上两句话都没有任何错误,但是读来非常平淡,没有任何特色,如果我们用倒装句,出来的效果就完全不一样了。

  1) Not only should parents spend time on their children, they are alsoadvised to interact with them.

  2) On no account / by no means / in no way can we lose sight of thesignificance of education.

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